Living Buddha

Living Buddha

A living Buddha, also known as a “Tulku” or “Bodhisattva,” is an individual who is believed to be the reincarnation of a past enlightened being. In Tibetan Buddhism, the concept of the living Buddha is deeply rooted and holds significant importance. These living Buddhas are highly revered and considered as spiritual leaders, guiding their followers on the path to enlightenment. In this article, we will explore the concept of the living Buddha and its significance in Tibetan Buddhism.

Understanding the Concept

The belief in the existence of living Buddhas stems from the belief in reincarnation. According to Tibetan Buddhism, when a high-ranking spiritual leader or a great teacher passes away, their consciousness does not cease to exist. Instead, it enters into a new body, which is identified as the reincarnation of the previous spiritual leader. These reincarnations are recognized through a complex process involving various signs, dreams, and visions.

The Role of a Living Buddha

A living Buddha is considered to be an embodiment of compassion, wisdom, and enlightenment. Their primary role is to serve as spiritual guides and teachers, leading their followers on the path to liberation. They are believed to possess great spiritual powers and are regarded as a source of inspiration and blessings. Living Buddhas are responsible for upholding the teachings of Buddha and ensuring the continuity of the Buddhist tradition.

The Selection Process

The selection process for a living Buddha is a rigorous and complex one. It involves a series of tests and rituals conducted by a council of high-ranking lamas and scholars. This council examines the child’s behavior, dreams, and physical characteristics to determine if they are the reincarnation of the previous spiritual leader. The final decision is often based on the child’s ability to recognize the belongings of the deceased spiritual leader.

Education and Training

Once recognized as the reincarnation of a previous spiritual leader, the living Buddha undergoes a comprehensive education and training. They receive teachings from highly experienced lamas and scholars, focusing on Buddhist philosophy, meditation, rituals, and other aspects of the Buddhist tradition. This extensive training prepares them to take on their role as spiritual guides and leaders.

Responsibilities of a Living Buddha

The responsibilities of a living Buddha are vast and demanding. They are expected to propagate the teachings of Buddha, provide guidance to their followers, and promote peace and harmony in society. Living Buddhas often travel extensively, visiting monasteries, conducting teachings, and engaging in various religious ceremonies. They also play a crucial role in mediating conflicts and offering spiritual solace to those in need.

Pilgrimage and Blessings

Living Buddhas are considered to be a direct channel to the divine, and their blessings are highly sought after. Devotees from all over the world make pilgrimages to meet these revered spiritual leaders, seeking their guidance, blessings, and spiritual healing. The presence of a living Buddha is believed to bring immense spiritual merit and creates a profound impact on the lives of those who encounter them.

Criticisms and Controversies

While the concept of living Buddhas is deeply ingrained in Tibetan Buddhism, it has also faced criticisms and controversies. Some argue that the selection process may be influenced by political and social factors, rather than purely spiritual considerations. Others question the idea of identifying a reincarnated spiritual leader solely based on signs and visions. These debates highlight the complexities and challenges associated with the concept of living Buddhas.


The concept of the living Buddha holds immense significance in Tibetan Buddhism. These revered spiritual leaders play a vital role in guiding their followers on the path to enlightenment. Their teachings, blessings, and presence bring solace and inspiration to millions of people worldwide. While the selection process and controversies surrounding the concept may raise questions, the influence and impact of living Buddhas cannot be denied. They continue to shape the spiritual landscape of Tibetan Buddhism and inspire countless individuals in their quest for inner peace and enlightenment.

*Note: The content has been written in English as per the instructions given.

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